نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 استادیار پژوهشکده زبانشناسی، پژوهشگاه علوم انسانی و مطالعات فرهنگی
2 کارشناس ارشد زبانشناسی، پژوهشگاه علوم انسانی و مطالعات فرهنگی
عنوان مقاله [English]
The occurrence of the suffix" –u" either as an inflectional, or a derivational morpheme is a well-known feature of Kermani dialect. A common feature among all the words which end in "-u" is that they occur in an informal and colloquial context. This study aims at analyzing the occurrence of the words which end in "-u" in two written, but colloquial discourses including conversation and narrative in order to answer these questions: what are the word classes that suffix "-u" occurs with? What is the difference between these two discourses regarding the frequency and variety of words with the suffix "-u"? , and what is the difference between boys and girls regarding the use of such words in their group conversations? Two written corpuses both in colloquial style including ironic narratives, and two group conversations between 15 girls (3000 words) and 15 boys (3000 words) (college prep students) in “whatsApp” virtual group chats each consisted of 6000 words were analyzed using a descriptive-analytic approach. The results show that in narratives, "-u" may be attached to nouns (proper names, kinship terms, cloths, animals, foods, and things), adjectives, adverbs, and compound verbs (204 tokens). The variety and frequency of "-u" is less in conversations (77 token), and there was no occurrence of this suffix with nouns referring to cloths, adverbs, and compound verbs. Also, boys use more of these kinds of words in their conversations (66 tokens) than girls (10 tokens).