نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 گروه زبانشناسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد رشت
2 گروه زبان انگلیسی دانشکده علوم انسانی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد رشت، رشت، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
According to Lacla and Moff's (1985) post-structuralism theory, all social phenomena are shaped by discursive processes, and society is the arena of struggle for defining and fixing meaning. They argue that discourses are always competing with each other to influence public opinion, using semantic mechanisms through various means, such as the press, and that these semantic conflicts are subject to social change. In this study, by combining Laclau and Moff's theory and Critical Discourse Analysis Theory of Falkloff (1995), which introduces language as a social application with different uses, it aims to develop semantic social features in discourse of NGOs(As the first group of the present study) and charities (as the second group), as well as how they form and interact and represent the semantic conflicts of these two discourses in social circles, especially the press in the field of children on the street. Also, in the present study, based on Fairclough's view, discourse articulation and the use of two important highlighting and marginalization mechanisms and other critical analysis processes such as passivation and nomination which are highlighting tools, the intellectual, political and social perspectives of the activists of the two aforementioned groups are identified. The data of the present study include selected texts from the media and press that were selected as a case study of charities and NGOs that they active on the field of street children in the 2000s and 2010s. The analysis of selected texts on critical discourse analysis has been described and explained from the ideological perspectives of the relevant institutions for articulating the discourse to determine the location of their semantic conflicts.