نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 استادیار، رشته زبان شناسی همگانی، گروه زبانهای خارجی دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان
2 کارشناس ارشد زبان شناسی همگانی، دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان
عنوان مقاله [English]
Autism is a complex neuro-developmental disorder thatone of its main characteristics is deficits in speech and language. In the present studywhich is a descriptive-analytic and cross-sectional one,by recording the everyday speech of children, the degree of obeying Gricean maxims in the speech production of 20 boys with autism(6-11 years old)from Kerman rehabilitation centerswere compared with that of 20 typically developing boys(6-11 years old)from elementary and guidance schools of Kerman. The results were analyzed by using Fisher Exact Test in SPSS software, version 19. The results showed that there were significant differences in obeying maxims of quality, relation and manner between the two groups. In this way, the speech of children with autism seems meaningless and irrelevant to the situation and linguistic context. The reason thatchildren with autism have problem in obeying Grice’s maxims can be that these children have problem with theory of mind.