عنوان مقاله [English]
English has spread and developed rapidly as along with the increasing processes of globalization, dominating, in this way, all languages of the world, affecting a wide range of countries and non-English societies. As a result of this, local and non-native varieties of English have been born and, in the meantime, the distinction between some such notions as the first, second and foreign languages has been faded away, questioning, as a result, our assumptions about the notions of language standards and language attitudes. As for this, considerable efforts have been made to explain the status and the global position of English, as considering the transcending processes of globalization. This paper aims at illustrating some of the most important approaches to the study of English as a global language, including world standard English, world Englishes, English family of languages, linguistic imperialism, and global Englishes. To conceptualize, finally, the role and status of English as a global language in the cotemporary era, the evidence suggests, it seems, that today’s world English is no longer viewed as a homogeneous language, but rather as a heterogeneous language with multiple norms and diverse forms of grammar.