عنوان مقاله [English]
The attitude of the early humans towards the elements and phenomena around them has been a special attitude that has always led them to worship them in the form of gods and goddesses, and sometimes they perceive the rage or unrest of nature, or the gentleness of nature. In the mind of the Aryans, these thoughts can also be found. After the separation of Indo-Iranian Aryans from each other, some beliefs remained in their minds, and some attitudes became subject to changes. One of the special attitudes of Iranian Aryans to the phenomenon of four main elements of nature can be fire, water, air and soil. Now, the study of some of these elements in a particular era, can express the attitudes, create a background for comparison with the previous and future thoughts of this people, so the purpose of this research is to search for four elements of fire, water, wind and dirt in the Avesta are trying to find out the reasons for the elements from the old to the present, with their location and explanations about their application. To achieve this, the text of the Gāthās (sacred hymns) and then the Yasna and Yashts are examined.